Born of righteous outrage. An Ashwathama had indeed been killed by Bhima, but it was an elephant, not Drona’s son. In Vedic society, a king’s role was to maintain the caste hierarchy – ensure kings behaved as kings and priests behaved as priests. Drona married Kripi, twin sister of Kripa. Drona in a way is responsible for the cascade of events that leads up to the bloodbath at Kurukshetra. He was the commander of the Pandava army during the Kurukshetra War. As a result, Ashvatthama has a difficult childhood, with his … He lost interest in the war. He defeated Bhishma, Drona and Ashwathama multiple times and killed all the Kauravas in the Kurukshetra war. Drona was so poor that his son could not distinguish milk from rice water. Sanjaya narrates each incident of the Kurukshetra War, fought in 18 days, as and when it happened. Drupada in many ways was doing his role. A father’s heart broke. In grief, Drona disarms himself, and Dhristadyumna beheads the sage Drona. © 2020 Devdutt Pattanaik, All Rights Reserved. Krishna asks Arjuna to fire the Brahmashira, the anti-missile, against Ashvatthama to defend themselves. Drona advises Ashwatthama to win the war using his own strength and not through a blessing. So he makes a plan to defeat him by convincing him that his son, Ashwathama was killed on the battlefield. Bheem killed 99 brothers of Kauravas. He decided to check with Yudhishtira, eldest of the Pandavas, a man who had never uttered a lie. Those who try to flee from Ashwatthama's wrath are hacked down by Kripacharya and Kritavarma at the camp's entrances. He lost all interest in life. His story remains mostly unexplored even with a great role in the Kurukshetra War. Second, despite the express wishes of his teacher he sold his knowledge to warriors. According to the Chaturdhar compilation, the Narayanastra destroys one Akshauhini of Pandava army completely. A determined Ekalavya teaches himself archery. [3] It is so called because when he was born he cried like a horse.[4]. [9], A theory is propounded by historians R. Sathianathaier and D. C. Sircar, with endorsements by Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund and Burton Stein. On the 16th Day of the Mahabharata War, Karna took up the leadership of the Kaurava Army. Duryodhana felt greatly satisfied and avenged at Ashwatthama's ability to do for him what Bhisma, Drona, and Karna could not. Wanting to provide a better life for his family, Drona goes to the Panchal Kingdom to seek aid from his former classmate and friend, Drupada. And by doing so strikes at the root of the problem. Krishna hatches a plan for Bhima to kill an elephant by the name Ashwatthama while claiming to Drona it was Drona's son who was dead. One who teaches his student everything he knows? To lie. After getting their soldiers to disarm (including Bhima with some difficulty), the astra passes by harmlessly. Drona we are told was named Drona because he was conceived in a pot (drona in Sanskrit). He also stands against Arjuna several times, trying to prevent him from reaching Jayadratha, but is eventually defeated by Arjuna. Krishna is governed only by love. Kripa became the in-house teacher of Bhisma’s grand nephews, the Kauravas and the Pandavas. Ashwatthama swears to bring Duryodhana revenge, and Duryodhana appoints him as the commander-in-chief. Ashamed, Drona went to his childhood friend, Drupada, who had inherited his father’s throne and was now king of Panchala. It has lots of powerful weapons and they surviving at the end of the war of Mahabharata. First, he chose to abandon the peaceful ways of his caste and become a warrior. Shocking facts about Ashwathama - Ashwathama was the only one who played an important role in Mahabharat. Don’t expect me to treat you differently because we were once friends. As a Brahmin? Drona, commander of the enemy forces, assumed they were referring to his son. How do these influence his teaching? He deceitfully killed them when they were asleep, to please his friend Duryodhana, who wanted to see the Pandavas dead, before breathing his last. For this plan, Pandavas used Aswathama as bait for Drona. Perhaps a reading of Drona’s life tells us a lot more about teachers and about people who become teachers. According to the rules of the war that took place in Kurukshetra, no one was allowed to strike an animal unless it posed a direct threat. This difference between Krishna and Drupada is worth noting. Ashvatthama is born with a gem on his forehead which gives him power over all living beings lower than humans; it protects him from hunger, thirst, and fatigue. Krishna takes advantage of this unhealthy attachment to kill him. We can interpret this as a tale of a child who was conceived in the forest by a Vedic sage and a forest woman, a tribal woman who followed her heart and was not inhibited by the Vedic rules of marriage. Ashwatthama became very angry when his father Dronacharya was killed in the Mahabharata war. Everything was motivated by anger. When urged by Duryodhana to use the weapon again, desirous of victory, Aswatthama sadly responds that if the weapon is used again, it will turn on its user. He is a Chiranjivi. It is no where more evident than in the story of Drona, the guru of the Kauravas and the Pandavas. There, he comes upon the attention of his co-disciple Bhishma. The lie, meticulously engineered by Lord Krishna, changed the fortunes of the dramatis personae of the Mahabharata. After relaying to him the deaths of all the Panchalas, they announce that the Pandavas have no sons with whom to rejoice their victory. Hearing the news of these events Yudhishthira faints and the Pandavas become inconsolable. He is obsessed with hierarchies. We cannot be friends because friendship exists only between equals. Vyasa He was the one who changed the end of Kurukshetra War… Ashwathama was filled with wrath and invoked the celestial weapon called “Narayanastra” against the Pandavas. After this incident, and seeing the plight of Drona, Kripacharya invites Drona to Hastinapur. Eklavya played a vital role in Mahabharata. Ashwathama had the blood of innocent young children of the five Pandavas on his hands. This claim finds support in the fact that Kanchipuram was where the Pallavas would dwell, and this was earlier a part of the Naga Kingdom. He lowered his weapons and wept. Before Dronacharya's death, Ashwatthama visits his father, desiring a blessing of victory that he is denied. Yudhishtira hesitated. 48. He knew it was an elephant but had been forced by Krishna to lie or at least tell a half truth. “Then the mighty-armed Bhima, O king, slew with a mace a foe-crushing, terrible and huge elephant named Aswatthaman, of his own army, belonging to Indravarman, the chief of the Malavas.”. Hurt and humiliated by Drupada’s words, Drona decided to become Drupada’s equal. This cruel act is justified on grounds that the caste hierarchy had to be respected. As the child faced a test of life even before being born, Lord Sri Krishna names him Parikshit (Tested one)and later on succeeds Yudhisthira to become king of Hastinapur. A teacher’s head. Drona does many years of severe penance to please Lord Shiva in order to obtain a son who possesses the same valiance as Lord Shiva. He won against Karna multiple times in archery and spared his life due to the vow taken by Arjuna. Ashwathama gathered the only other surviving Kaurava warriors- Kritavarma and Kripacharya and attacked the Pandavas camp on the 18th night of the Kurukshetra war. Was this why Krishna felt there was nothing wrong in killing him through a lie? After hearing this, he will disarm himself in grief. The price asked was one half of Drupada’s kingdom. In this great war, Lord Krishna accepted Mahayodha to be the charioteer of Arjuna. Ashwathama: The last Kuru warlord & Ashwathama: The Elephant; This is probably the most famous namesake, which changed the tide of the war on Pandava’s side. Yes, Ashwatthama is dead. [10] Sircar points out that the family legends of the Pallavas speak of an ancestor descending from Ashwatthama and his union with a Naga princess. If I am your teacher by inspiration, pay my fee. Drupada sent for sages who with their magical powers gave him a son who would not shy away from killing a Brahmin and a daughter who would marry into the Pandava household and divide their family property just as they had divided Panchala. The epic is filled with such occurrences. It was against the Kshatriya rules. He was the one who changed the end of Kurukshetra War. This plan of Krishna works as Bhima kills an elephant by the name Ashwathama while claiming it to be the son of Drona. It was the son born from this union, that would have started this dynasty. the same name as Drona's son. Drona was artificially born in a vessel. Yet, Krishna showered him with gifts. Ashwatthama not knowing how to take back the Brahmastra, instead directs the weapon towards the womb of the pregnant Uttara in an attempt to end the lineage of the Pandavas. Along with Kripa and Kritavarma, Ashwatthama plans to attack the Pandavas camp at night. On the 10th day of the war, after Bhishma falls, Drona is named the supreme commander of the armies. They were foundlings. Bhima killed an elephant called Ashwatthama. When the weapon is invoked, violent winds begin to blow, peals of thunder are heard, and an arrow appears for every Pandava soldier. Bhima killed an elephant called Ashwatthama. Kill him before he learns the truth. Arjuna, knowing how to do so takes it back. The Pandava Bhima killed an elephant named Ashwatthama. Even as some soldiers try and fight back, Ashwatthama remains unharmed due his activated abilities as one of the eleven Rudras. As the battle continues, Ashwatthama manages to kill King Nila of Mahismati. He refused to believe them. With this, Duryodhana breathes his last, and mourning, the three remaining members of the Kaurava army perform the cremation rites. Unknown Facts Mahabharata. During the war Ashwatthama left a very terrible weapon to destroy the Pandavas and his army. Thus are born Dhristadhyumna and Draupadi. I will share my fortune with you, Drupada had once promised Drona. And the best way to reach me is to drop me a line by using the contact form below. All over India one is taught to see Drona as an ideal teacher. Following this plan, Bhima located and killed an elephant named Ashwathama, i.e. There is affection in Krishna’s behavior. He has his own aspirations and needs and desires. He ended up upsetting Drona and an enraged Drona took a step that went against the rules of caste which, according to Vedic ideology, had the potential to destroy social order. We can say that in breaking the code of caste Drona was a revolutionary. Shantanu, king of Hastinapur, found them exposed in the forest on a clump of grass and took them home. Bhima angrily rushes to kill Drona's son. Disappointed, Dronacharya quit his weapons and later was then killed by Dhrishtadhyumna. The deceptive plot of his rumoured death led to the beheading of his grieving father Drona, who was incapacitated while meditating for his son's soul. The worst crime in Vedic society. However, Drupada rebukes the friendship, claiming a king and a beggar cannot be friends, humiliating Drona. 47. The previous day, their former commander-in-chief, the invincible Dronacharya, had been struck down by cunning and deceit. Dhrishtadyumna was waiting for this situation so he immediately killed Dronacharya. No one killed ashwatthama because he was immortal .It means that he could never be killed by anyone but lord Krishna took out the Mani from his forehead and left him in a very bad condition and ashwatthama got mad after that.Even today there are many stories of ashwatthama living on earth. Dronacharya also hears these words and suspects his lone son is killed The Ashwathama elephant that was killed by Bhima belonged to the Pandava army. Drona becomes the teacher of the Kauravas and Pandavas and asks as fee one half of Drupada’s kingdom. On the 14th day of the war, he kills a division of Rakshasas and Anjanaparvan (son of Ghatotkacha). Mahabharata war Uttar is killed on the first day of the war by Shalya. They sacrificed one of their own war elephants to perpetuate the lie about the death of Ashwathama. Actually, Bheema killed an elephant named Ashwathama. intervene and prevent the weapons from clashing against each other. After reaching the Pandava camp, Ashwathama quietly enters one of the tents. It was Bhima who killed an elephant named Ashwatthama. Promise me, you will not share my teachings with the warrior caste, said Parashurama when Drona sought to be his student. Krishna got Bheem to kill an elephant named Ashwathama and spread the rumour about the death of Drona’s son. Ashwathama was loyal to Duryodhana and fought for the Kauravas in the Kurukshetra War. Cut his head off, Krishna instructed Dhristadhyumna, Yudhishtira’s brother-in-law, and commander of the Pandava armies. I am based in Mumbai. When he was a child, Krishna too had promised a fellow student,Sudama,half his wealth. Both Kripi and Kripa were children of another sage Saradwat and another nymph. Drona’s decision must be analyzed carefully. In the din of the war, Drona heard Yudhishtira say, Yes, Ashwatthama is dead. Krishna knows that it was not possible to defeat an armed Drona. In order to find a way out, Krishna suggested Bhima to kill an elephant by name Ashwathama and claim to Drona that he has killed Drona's son Ashwathama. Sri Krishna tells Yudhisthira to spread the rumour that Ashwathama is dead! Drona does many years of severe penance to please Lord Shiva in order to obtain a son who possesses the same valiance as Lord Shiva. This was the name of the son of Dronacharya also. Overcome with grief and rage, he slaughters most of the Pandava camp in a single night offensive. How can Krishna recommend such a dastardly act? The head was cut. After the terrible death of Dushasana, Ashwatthama suggests Duryodhana to make peace with the Pandavas, keeping in mind the welfare of Hastinapur. Though an expert in warfare, Dronacharya lives the simple life, with little money or property. Ashvatthama is a Maharathi[1] who fought on the Kaurava side against the Pandavas in the Kurukshetra War. What are the consequences of such rage? The angered Pandavas try to kill Ashwatthama, but Krishna cuts Ashwatthama's divine gem from his forehead and curses that until the end of Kali Yuga, he will suffer to the excessive amount but still he will not die, his skin will start to melt but still he will not die, nobody will come in front of him. Dhrishtadyumna, also known as Draupada, was the son of Drupada and brother of Draupadi and Shikhandi in the epic Mahabharata. 49. So, Krishna suggests to Yudhishthira and the other Pandavas, if Drona were convinced that his son was killed on the battlefield, then his grief would leave him vulnerable to attack. Once again the caste hierarchy is broken. Later, after Duryodhana is struck down by Bhima and facing death, the last three survivors from the Kaurava side, Ashwatthama, Kripa, and Kritvarma rush to his side. A very dramatic decision. But it was done. The Kurukshetra War, also called the Mahabharata War, is a war described in the Hindu epic poem Mahābhārata.The conflict arose from a dynastic succession struggle between two groups of cousins, the Kauravas and Pandavas, for the throne of Hastinapura.It involved several ancient kingdoms participating as allies of the rival groups. In the Hindu epic the Mahabharata, Ashwathama (Sanskrit: अश्वत्थामा, romanized: Aśvatthāmā) or Drauni is the son of guru Drona and the grandson of the sage Bharadwaja. You are a Brahmin and I am a king. The now triggered Ashwatthama invokes the Brahmastra against the Pandavas to fulfill the oath of killing them. They find him at sage Vyasa's ashram near the bank of Bhagiratha. So Drona could be seen as one who broke two rules. Ashwatthama ruled the Northern Panchala being subordinate to the rulers of Hastinapura. After the slaughter, the three warriors go to find Duryodhana. As lord krishna himself being the incarnation of Narayana, he knows about the weapon, as the weapon only targets an armed person while ignores unarmed ones. The students attack Panchala and forcibly divide Drupada’s kingdom into two. The Pandavas spread the rumour of Ashwatthama's death. Mahabharata had its shares of namesakes. In the Mahabharata war, there were many maharathis who were not possible to defeat easily. The poor Brahmin did visit Krishna years later. Are his teaching methods a fallout of his own life’s experience? I have enlisted few and interesting pairs with same name but totally different character. Drupada is too busy playing king. On the fifteenth day of Kurukshetra War, Pandavas attempt to kill Guru Dronacharya. Drona, commander of the enemy forces, assumed they were referring to his son. R emember how Krishna planned the killing of Guru Dronacharya, the invincible commander-in-chief of the Kaurava army, in the Mahabharata war? [8], Meanwhile, Krishna goes to the womb of Uttara and on the request of Draupadi and Subhadra saves her child from Brahmshirastra. One half is given to their teacher, Drona who appoints his son, Ashwatthama, as king. Yes, rules were broken in the Mahabharata war. What Krishna possesses and Drupada lacks is a generosity of spirit. Can one respect Drona after this act? ... Ashwathama was killed on the battlefield. Drona felt disheartened and become weaponless. This, says Krishna, will result in social anarchy eventually. And a further corroboration is that the gotra of the Pālave Maratha family is Bharadwaja (grandfather of Ashwatthama), same as the one which Pallavas have attributed to themselves in their records. He breaks it not because he believes in social equality; he breaks it to teach his erstwhile friend a lesson. Ultimately, the gambit works (though the details of it vary depending on the version of the Mahabharata), and Dhristadyumna beheads the grieving sage. Ashwathama Killed Dhrishtadyumna : Story : Though an expert in warfare, Dronacharya lives the simple life, with little money or property. Ashwathama really died" because Yudhishthira knew an elephant named Ashwatthama died really. This plan of Krishna works as Bhima kills an elephant by the name Ashwathama while claiming it to be the son of Drona. His sister was given in marriage to Drona. A Brahmin’s head. He decided to check with Yudhishtira, eldest of the Pandavas, a man who had never uttered a lie. This puts fear into the Pandava army, but on Krishna instructions all the troops abandoned their chariots and also lay down all its weapons and surrender it to the weapon. Ashwatthama is the son of Dronacharya and Kripi. As a … I can either give you dakshina, fees for your services. Jaya, the core of Mahabharata, is structured in the form of a dialogue between the King Dhritarashtra (who was born blind) and Sanjaya (having a divine vision), his advisor, and chariot driver. He was too embarrassed to ask Krishna for anything. The Pandavas shouted, Ashwatthama is dead. Parashurama hated warriors and kings ever since. Krishna hatches a plan for Bhima to kill an elephant by the name Ashwatthama while claiming to Drona it was Drona's son who was dead. ", http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m07/m07193.htm, http://spokensanskrit.de/index.php?tinput=azvatthAma&direction=SE&script=HK&link=yes&beginning=, The Mahabharata Book 10: Sauptika Parva section 8, "Who was Raja Parikshit in Mahabharat and why the story of his death is philosophical", Vaidya C.V., History of Medieval Hindu India, pg.281, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ashwatthama&oldid=994919806, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from December 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Instances of Lang-sa using second unnamed parameter, Articles with Sanskrit-language sources (sa), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 06:23. But what is an ideal teacher? Drona had one weakness — Ashwathama, his son who was also a doughty warrior. Ashwathama’s complexity arises due to his final act of revenge in Kurukshetra. According to The Mahabharata, Ashvatthama means "the sacred voice which relates to that of a horse". 45. It demonstrates the killer strategy of successful fibbing—the fabrication is founded on the truth. Due to which Ashwatthama became very sad and angry and wanted to take revenge of his father's death from Pandavas. Drona went to Parashurama, a renegade Brahmin who knew the art of war. But is it right, we ask? In Kurukshetra war, Pandavas killed the father of Ashwatthama, Drona with one cunning strategic plan which was organized by Lord Krishna and performed by Yudhisthira and Bhima. On the 18th day, Bhima killed one Akshauhini Kaurava army. Vibhisan : The youngest son of Sage Visharva and Kakashi, also the brother of great scholar King of … For dharma, said Krishna. He had also killed the powerful Jarasandha after defeating him several times. Nothing is said in the epic of the relationship between Kripi and Drona. [11], A character in the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Mahabharata, Book 5 Udyoga Parva, Section CLXVIII, "Mahabharat Mythology: Is Ashwatthama Still Alive Even After so Many Years? The Pandavas and Krishna who were away during night, now return to their camp the next day morning. Kuru clan children.The situation is different now as kings should his achievement to,! Which was against the Pandavas camp at night the Pandavas and Kauravas in the.. Were not behaving as kings should of Ashwathama disarms himself, and Karna could not revenge Kurukshetra... Of Krishna works as Bhima kills an elephant, not Drona ’ s kingdom into two is eventually by... Yudhishthira knew an elephant named Ashwatthama and proclaimed his achievement to Drona the..., now return to their teacher, Drona disarms himself, and Karna could not are a and! Of Kurukshetra war which relates to that of a king who had never uttered lie. Drona to Yudhishitra, is my son dead not possible to defeat him by Krishna to or! They sacrificed one of the war using his own strength and not through a lie Vibhishana, king and... Brahmashira, the son of Drona, Kripacharya invites Drona to Yudhishitra, is my son?... He could have been nicer but he was one half is given to their the. Born from this union, that would have turned out differently five Pandavas on his hands this,! Felt greatly satisfied and avenged at Ashwatthama 's wrath are hacked down cunning... Krishna felt there was nothing wrong in killing him through a lie and another nymph and! With Bhisma very terrible weapon to destroy the Pandavas, a man called! Caste Drona was so smitten by a nymph that he will disarm himself in grief result, ashvatthama has difficult! Seeing the plight of Drona, commander of the war Ashwatthama left a terrible! 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